Affidavit of Daniel Howard: Albany, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 25
author: Howard, O. H.
date: September 25, 1868
summary: Daniel Howard gives this affidavit to Freedman's Bureau subassistant commissioner O.H. Howard in Albany, Georgia on September 25, 1868. In this document Daniel Howard, a twenty-year-old laborer employed by Colonel S. Montgomery in Dougherty County, Georgia, gives his account of his experience in the hands of his white captors following the Camilla Riot, an incident that occurred in Camilla, Georgia on September 19, 1868 when Republicans together with freedmen came to Camilla to hold a political rally and were met with violent opposition from the townspeople. Following the riot Daniel Howard fled to the woods but was forced to return to help white townsmen pick up the dead and wounded freedmen in a wagon and take them back to Camilla. Daniel Howard recalls that he was told by the white townsmen to take the wagon to a pond behind Dr. Dasher' s house to see if there were any survivors there, as the whites had shot twelve freedmen at this pond. Before they reached the pond, however, Daniel Howard escaped.
- United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
- African Americans--Georgia--History--1863-1867
- African Americans--Georgia--Social conditions--To 1964
- Freedmen--Georgia--Political activity
- Freedmen--Georgia--Violence against
- Freedmen--Georgia--Personal narratives
- Political violence--Georgia--Camilla
- Mitchell County (Ga.)--Race relations
- Mitchell County (Ga.)--Politics and government
- Howard, Daniel, fl. 1868
- Camilla (Ga.)
- Mitchell County (Ga.)
repository: DeSoto Trail Regional Library (Camilla, Ga.)
collection: Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868
Page:  [jpg image | djvu image]
Affidavit of Danil Howard, (Freedman.)
State of Georgia, -- -- -- Dougherty County ;
[added text: 4X] Before me, O. H. HOWARD, Brevet Major United States Army, 2nd Lieut. [Lieutenant] 5th Artillery, S. A. [Sub Assistant] Commissioner Bureau R. F. & A.
L. [Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands], personally came Daniel Howard (freed [freedman],) who, being duly sworn, deposes and [added text:  says, That after being captured by the whites at Camilla after the fight on the 19" of Sept, 1868, he deponent was Compelled by his captors to assist in gathering the dead & wounded freedmen & taking them to Camilla, that deponent & other [deleted text: [illegible text]] freedmen were told by a party of whites who rode into Camilla, to take their wagon out to a pond back of Dr Dashers house & see if any negroes were alive there, that they had shot twelve (12) at this pond, & if any of them were still alive, to bring them into town, that this was near dark. and before they reached the pond, he deponent took advantage of the darkness & Escaped.
Daniel [added text: his] X [added text: mark] Howard
Page:  [jpg image | djvu image]Sworn to and subscribed before me, at Albany,
Ga., this 25th day of September, A. D. 1868 .
[Signed] O. H. Howard
Brevet Major U. S. Army,
2nd Lieut. [Lieutenant] 5th Artillery, S. A. [Sub Assistant] Commisioner [Commissioner],
Bureau Refugees, Freedmen & Ab'd Lands [Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands] .
[added text: Compared] E
G 341 R F & A L [Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands] Vol. 13/68
Return to Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868 Table of Contents
A project of the
Digital Library of Georgia
in association with the
DeSoto Trail Regional Library,