Suggested Readings

  • American Film Institute. The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States, ed. Kenneth W. Munden. New York: R. R. Bowker, 1971-1988.

  • Albright, A. "Micheaux, Vaudeville, and Black Cast Films" Black Film Review 7, no. 4 (1993): 6-9.

  • Black Cultural History in Macon, Georgia, 1823-Present. 116 min. Macon, Ga.: WMAZ-TV and the Black Arts Advisory Committee for the Macon Arts Alliance, 1994. Videocassette.

  • Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. 3rd ed. New York: Continuum, 1994.

  • Bowser, Pearl, Jane Gaines, and Charles Musser, eds. Oscar Micheaux and His Circle: African-American Filmmaking and Race Cinema of the Silent Era. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2001.

  • Butters, Gerald R. Black Manhood on the Silent Screen. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 2002.

  • Cripps, Thomas. Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.

  • Douglass, C. H. "Managing a Negro Theatre" National Negro Business League Annual Report of the Sixteenth Session and the Fifteenth Anniversary convention. 184-188. [1915]

  • Ellerbee, Jason L. "African American Theaters in Georgia: Preserving an Entertainment Legacy." Master's thesis, University of Georgia, 1994. Available online: http://getd.galib.uga.edu/public/ellerbee_jason_l_200408_mhp/ellerbee_ jason_l_200408_mhp.pdf

  • Guerrero, Ed. Framing Blackness: The African American Image in Film. Temple University Press, 1993.

  • Gaines, Jane. Fire and Desire: Mixed Race Movies in the Silent Era. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

  • George-Graves, Nadine. The Royalty of Negro Vaudeville: The Whitman Sisters and the Negotiation of Race, Gender and Class in African American Theatre, 1900-1940. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.

  • Gill, Glenda E. No Surrender! No Retreat!: African American Pioneer Performers of Twentieth-century American Theater. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.

  • Gottschild, Brenda Dixon. Waltzing in the Dark: African American Vaudeville and Race Politics in the Swing Era. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.

  • Harrison, Daphne. Black Pearls: Blues Queens of the 1920s. Rutgers, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

  • Hill, Errol and James Vernon Hatch. A History of African American Theatre. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

  • In Black & White. 92 min. Princeton, N.J.: Films for the Humanities & Sciences [distributor], 1997. Videocassette.

  • Kisch, John, and Edward Mapp. A Separate Cinema: Fifty Years of Black-Cast Posters. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1992.

  • Krasner, David. A Beautiful Pageant: African American Theatre, Drama, and Performance in the Harlem Renaissance, 1910-1927. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

  • _____. Resistance, Parody, and Double Consciousness in African American Theatre, 1895-1910. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

  • Leyda, Julia. "Black-Audience Westerns and the Politics of Cultural Identification in the 1930s" Cinema Journal 42, no. 1 (2002): 46-70.

  • Macon-- An Architectural & Historical Guide. Macon, Ga.: Middle Georgia Historical Society, 1996.

  • Manis, Andrew Michael. Macon Black and White: An Unutterable Separation in the American Century. 1st ed. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press and the Tubman African American Museum, 2004.

  • McAllister, Marvin. White People Do Not Know How to Behave at Entertainments Designed for Ladies & Gentlemen of Colour: William Brown's African & American Theater. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

  • Midnight Ramble. 60 min. PBS Video, 1999. Videocassette.

  • Movies of Color: Black Southern Cinema. 55 min. Wellspring Media, 2002. Videocassette.

  • Oberdeck, Kathryn J. The Evangelist and the Impresario: Religion, Entertainment, and Cultural Politics in America, 1884-1914. Baltimore, Md.: The John Hopkins University Press, 1999.

  • Peterson, Bernard L. The African American Theatre Directory, 1816-1960: A Comprehensive Guide to Early Black Theatre Organizations, Companies, Theatres, and Performing Groups. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997.

  • _____. A Century of Musicals in Black and White: An Encyclopedia of Musical Stage Works by, about, or Involving African Americans. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993.

  • _____. Profiles of African American Stage Performers and Theatre People, 1816-1960. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2001.

  • Regester, Charlene B. Black Entertainers in African American Newspaper Articles. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2002.

  • Riis, Thomas L. More than Just Minstrel Shows: The Rise of Black Musical Theatre at the Turn of the Century. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Institute for Studies in American Music, 1992.

  • _____. "Pink Morton's Theatre, Black Vaudeville, and the TOBA: Recovering the History, 1910-30" in New Perspectives on Music: Essays in Honor of Eileen Southern, edited by Josephine Wright with Samuel A. Floyd, Jr., 229-243. Warren, Mich.: Harmonie Park Press, 1992.

  • Sampson, Henry T. Blacks in Black and White: A Source Book on Black Films. 2nd ed. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1995.

  • _____. Blacks in Blackface: A Source Book on Early Black Musical Shows. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1980.

  • _____. The Ghost Walks: A Chronological History of Blacks in Show Business, 1865-1910. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1988.

  • Steinhaus, Walter E. "Music in the Cultural Life of Macon, Georgia, 1823-1900." Master's thesis, Florida State University, 1973.

  • Tanner, Jo A. Dusky Maidens: The Odyssey of the Early Black Dramatic Actresses. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992.