Digital Library of Georgia > Cyrus F. Jenkins Civil War Diary, 1861 - 1862

Cyrus F. Jenkins Civil War Diary, 1861 - 1862
Pages 11 - 16

Author: Jenkins, Cyrus Franklin, ca. 1837-1864
Extent: 1 v. (113 p.)
Repository: Troup County Archives
collection: Jenkins-Bass collection, 1861-ca. 1900 (Ms. 91)
More information: About the Digitized Version

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different avocations all busy alike in their avocations which were indicative of their feelings and the excitement which pervaded every mind untill [until] all at once (to my astonishment) all was as still as death. not a sound above mans breath could be heard. The speedy and never tiring iron horse. had brought us unexpectedly (to many) upon the high and legnthy [lengthy] bridge (across the James river) which seemed to be suspended in the air without pillow or foundation, (the flat bridge was covered below the track hiding from sight the heavy stone pillows rising from the water beneath) when we neared the land loud yells broke the spell and reverberated through the air. which contrasted strongly with the dead calm. and now all was hushed again? the cars now backing upon the high & creaking bridge untill [until] two third of its distance is recrossed [re-crossed], now it stops and all is still. again it moves on and the loud yells break the stillness like a harp of a thousand strings, but before the first sounds die out in the stillness of the night another dead calm ensues, we back again


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we have missed the right track. now we drive forward all right into the city. we now fell in battallion line, and march [marched] through the city, with cheers and huzzas for Georgia, by spectators who crowded the walks as we passed. after proceeding two miles from the city halted raised tents and retired to rest about 12, o.c [o'clock] at night. The following day we were excused from duty The forenoon I passed in sleep, the afternoon I Strolled off to the city to take a view of it and the scenes passing there. First I visited the State prison, was conducted through by the manager with respectful kindness, The first apartment we visited was the blacksmiths. the convics [convicts] paid no attention to what was going on around them, but kept steady at work, we next went into an extensive room, with many convics [convicts] and occupations. some shoe making, harness making, and others dressing and working lumber, some seemed indifferent to passing occurrents [occurrences], some appeared cast down, with eyes cast on the floor or their work, others idling their time and watching every manuvre [maneuver] passing. every one [everyone] seemed to have his business allotted him, and


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all seemed to be possessed of different feelings and sensibilities; and some perhapse [perhaps] of none. one thing I noticed peculiar in this room the men were dressed in clothes of two colors one leg of the pants of some were made of white osnaburg the other of blue cotton cloth some were marked in different manners, I supposed to designate their ranks as workmen, I next strolled along canal street which seemed a wreck of bad management filthy streets, half clad children. proverty [poverty] stricken women and dissipated men. I occasionly [occasionally] met an irish woman with a basket on her arm with a few tomatoes a cabbage and a few irish potatoes, just from the market house, perhaps with her forenoons earnings to feed a half dozen hungry children and perhapse [perhaps] a drunken vagabond husband, next to main and broad streets, nice clean paved, and business streets, as I santered [sauntered] along I was told that the yankee prisners [prisoners] were at the extremity of main street. I then directed my way there. after a long walk I found them. many were nice portly intiligent [intelligent] looking men


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others inferior in dress and appearance, some reading some conversing, others [deleted text: nothing] having nothing to say with sad appearance, It now being near night I returned to camps, with the conviction "That though Georgians might seek a better country, but it is not to be found. or at least, if I should ever live to see it freed from the invaders hand, I will be satisfied there to be buroughed [burrowed] and buried,, We are encamped in a clover field with nothing to obstruct the burning rays of the sun, which evinces all its dazling [dazzling] and suffocating influences, without even one gentle zephyr to refresh and cool our almost melting frames. The camping ground is on a high eminence yet beautiful and level; nearby runs a cold spring of pure water, a little past her, below runs the cool and refreshing waters of the canal of which we are not slow in availing ourselves of the oppertunity [opportunity] of [deleted text: its] enjoying its reviving influences. The duty of each soldier is allotted him and we have certain hours every day


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drill service, which is very heavy considering the intense hot weather. Two members from each company are allowed a pass to the city every day, accompanied by one non commissioned [noncommissioned] officer nothing occurs worthy of note above the common incidents of camp life, Occasionly [Occasionally] we are aroused from the dull monotonous daily scenes in camps. by the incoming of an intoxicated member of the regiment, who could scarcely fail to get up a quarrel which invariably ends in a fight. I should have said invariably progresses into a fight, for the end has not yet come, for the case is soon brough [brought] before a court martial, he him self [himself] taken under guard, and kept under the wach [watch] of a sentinel for a few days untill [until] the proceedings of the court can be read aloud on dress parade, for execution, which sentence is severe according to his crime & general Character, as a soldier,, some sentenced for drunkeness [drunkenness] to carrying a pole across the parade ground 4 hours each day for ten days. others for [line cut off]


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up stumps. one man for fighting was compelled to carry forty pounds of rock 4 hours each day for ten successive days. I mention this to show the restrictions under which we were obliged to come, not with any intention to personate or injure any one [anyone] unfortunately concerned,


Sunday night August the 7th 61 [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

Everything seems veiled in gloom, dark and impending clouds hang around us, which bespeak an approaching storm, now comes the howling wind and roaring rain, over turning [overturning] our bush harbors, now and then uprooting tents. now we hear the yells and shrieks of those enveloped in the fallen tents.—H-llow [Hellow] ! H-lfire [Hellfire] ! take it off! pull me out! Now the scene comes at home! one side of the tent is uprooted three of us at the same time grasped the stakes, one of my tent mates sick upon one side, another on the opposite side of the tent rolled in his blankets, perfectly at ease. with three sheets [line cut off]



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