Digital Library of Georgia > Cyrus F. Jenkins Civil War Diary, 1861 - 1862

Cyrus F. Jenkins Civil War Diary, 1861 - 1862
Pages 17 - 26

Author: Jenkins, Cyrus Franklin, ca. 1837-1864
Extent: 1 v. (113 p.)
Repository: Troup County Archives
collection: Jenkins-Bass collection, 1861-ca. 1900 (Ms. 91)
More information: About the Digitized Version

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now poured in torrents. the wind soon with his rapid wings swept over, the tent adjusted, and we were [added text: soon] comfortably & calmly sleeping away the night.


Saturday evening August 24th [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

The 13th regiment is in an uproar of confusion and excitement consequent upon, An order from the Secretary of war, To take the flint lock musket and Join General John B. Floyds brigade now in Northwestern Virginia on Gauley River near the Dogwood gape. Several of the officers in the regiment refused, or affirmed that they would refuse to accept the flint lock musket or go untill [until] better guns were procured. This dissatisfaction caused a meeting of the commissioned officers. which resulted– after prolonged arguements– in an agreement to request a countermand of the order untill [until] better arms could be obtained and if rejected to accept them and proceed to carry out the orders. which we did, the request being rejected. a vote was also taken in each company to ascertain the number who were willing to [deleted text: try] go upon the battle field with these guns. Sixteen of


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Company (B, of which I am a member. voted in favor of taking them, of [deleted text: the which I] that (no I was one. I objected to the guns. but as no better could be had at the time. I felt it my duty to accept them. but all the voting, speaking & expressions of dissatisfaction are in vain consequently we have received orders, Sunday evening August 25th to cook five days rations of which we completed about ten oclock [o'clock] and retired to rest for an early rising.


monday morning five oclock [ o'clock], [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

Aroused and ordered to strike tents. and pack camping utencils [utensils] preparitory [preparatory] for reparing [repairing] to the Central R. R. [Rail Road] Depot. which place we reached about eight, were marched into the cars, of freight boxes with plank seats across them, and seated where we were compelled to remain untill [until] twelve oclock [o'clock], when to my great joy the whistle sounded and we were bidding richmond adieu for Staunton the place designated for us to receive arms and accoutrements. our Journey now seems a long one, the car being very much crowded our seats-without backs- are uncomfortable & to add to this the cars are making very slow speed . Now we [added text: are] passing an apple orchard. the trees


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hanging full of fruit. and the boys one after another [deleted text: are] are leaping from the cars like a flock of sheep crossing a hedge. each trailing after his file leader, and with the dexterity of youth, spirit of gaiety, desire for mischief, plunder and the delicious looking fruit, they leave the heavy laden engine and train in their wake, now each one busy as bees, gathering the fruit, with friends standing in each car door to draw them in on their return and share the fruits of their plunder, now all are safely seated in their cars and the apples are flying without wings.


Wednesday Morning July [August] 28th. Ten O.C [o'clock] [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

we are now rolling into the City of Staunton nearly three days almost steady traveling. Although the distance is not exceeding 100 miles. here we received our guns and left on the following morning 10 oclock [o'clock] and arrived at Jackson [deleted text: Depot] River Depot. (this being as far as the railroad is completed.) at 8, o.c [o'clock] in the evening of the same day.

The scenery along the railroad to this place is variegated beautiful sublime & brightful


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Sometimes we pass [deleted text: over] [added text: on] high mountains over precipices, from two to three hundred feet high. then through rich Vallies [Valleys], then through long dark tunnels to the debt [depth] of fifty or one hundred feet to the surface. Altogether filling the mind with awe and admiration, As we passed on the cars, we sometimes turned our eyes to one side. there we beheld steep rough banks, with cragged rock jutting out and over hanging us for hundreds of feet above, then upon the other side we look down into the buds of the tall pine and majestic oak in the valley below, which stretches out far in the direction to the winding Jackson river, foaming and lashing its way down its rough and rocky bed, a little farther and we see the beautiful valley abruptly breaking into high mountains presenting to the mind, the power of a mighty Creator.


Friday August 30th. [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

We are encamped near the bank of Jackson River, on the side of a high mountain. [deleted text: near]

[pages 21-24 missing]


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Sunday morning [deleted text: August] Sept [September] 1st. 61 [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

I got permission permission to leave the camp for the purpose of going upon the mountain to get a view of the sourrounding [surrounding] country In company with a commissioned officer consequently I needed no written permission a thing that I abhored [abhorred] so much that I never gratified my curiosity in rambling unless by slipping, off or going with a commissioned officer, Although it may become necessary to carry a pass when near the enemy. then it is necessary that private and officer may account for themselfs [themselves] but here where no enemy is near, why should a private Soldier carry a pass. when an officer can go at will, for what — is an officer but a man! is he more honest because the privates have made him what he is? does his country feel dearer to him in consequence does it instill new principals and new patriot[added text: ism] in his bosom. or is it because he usurps the power that his fellow man has given him. I have digressed for enough.




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After hard clambering and much fatigue we gained the mountains summit. on looking around I could see nothing except a green forest below and a little farther the mountain peaks rising up with its green forest leaves flitting in the breeze. farther in the distance they seem like black cloud caps deeply tinged with blue. farther still and all is lost in the blue veil of the distance I now with the help of two comrades rolled off a massive stone. its motion at first was slow and gentle. but as it traversed the mountains slope it sped faster and faster, bounded higher & higher. untill [until] in its mad fury every obsticle [obstacle] yielded to its commands, and the falling timbers crashed amid its rumbling sounds like distant thunder;

Half past one afternoon. One hundred prisners [prisoners] of war are seen marching, by in rout [route] for Richmond. taken by Floyd. after it was fully understood that they were prisners [prisoners] . Although our sentinels were at their posts around the encampment. they were of no avail



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