Digital Library of Georgia > Cyrus F. Jenkins Civil War Diary, 1861 - 1862

Cyrus F. Jenkins Civil War Diary, 1861 - 1862
Pages 33 - 38

Author: Jenkins, Cyrus Franklin, ca. 1837-1864
Extent: 1 v. (113 p.)
Repository: Troup County Archives
collection: Jenkins-Bass collection, 1861-ca. 1900 (Ms. 91)
More information: About the Digitized Version

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wagon to repair the injury. of which we did to the best of our ability. the regiment having proceeded without delay. 3 oc [o'clock] all right and again in motion. 2 1/2 miles farther. the wheel crushes, the other wagon ordered, on. of which I was a guard. The Capt [Captain] being left to superintend the repair. he now goes to press a wheel wherever he may find one. we proceeded; [deleted text: to] after a few miles we came to a fine apple orchard hanging with delicious fruit, I gave my gun to my collegue [colleague] with an intention to get a few, but as I was climbing over the fence. I was ordered by the owner not to go into his orchard. I thought it very hard, and he very heartless. after I had volunteerly [voluntarily] left my native state. and had been sent there to protect his property, family, and even himself who was. still enjoying the luxuries of his home, to deprive me of a few of the many thousand [added text: apples] he possessed. I had no right to them, but passed along with a small opinion of his generosity and humanity. night overhauled us at big sewell mountain 4 miles farther. and the rains began to pelt us in the face


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which continued to fall, in double quick time during the night, which was to me a dark and dismal nights march. – or properly float –, for the water was shoe mouth deep to deeper and I drenched in rain with a constant stream trictling [trickling] down my body into my boots. After continuing the march untill [until] 11 oclock [o'clock] we reached the regiment in camp for the night, I now lay myself on a man's piazer [piazza] floor, with my gun and catrige [cartridge] box for a pillow slept soundly the remainder of the night. although my clothing was drenched with water.


Friday morning [View Jenkins Chronology]

received orders from Gen. [General] Floyd to remain untill [until] farther [further] orders. the battle of Gauley river is now over. and although Floyd was victorious in killing (reports say) from eight to nine hundred with many wounded, to four killed and eight wounded, he is now on his retreat meeting us.


Saturday morning [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

ordered to pack up and retreat. of which we did one mile. and struck camp, and remained untill [until] the next


Thursday morning Sept [September] 19th. [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

when ordered to prepare for marching orders. 10 oclock [o'clock] all is ready. my first sight and impressions of Gen [General] Floyd. as I am now guarding the wagon on the turnpike he comes along


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and meets with a cavalry officer. I judge from his dress, Floyds orders to him, you take twenty five responsible men. and bring to me those men who have deserted their wagons. don't come without them, in chains. these are my orders. obey them. What a stern look. – and commanding voice! perhapse [perhaps] he'l [he'll] do, 10 oclock [o'clock] we again retreat for sewell mountain while resting on the way a gentleman belonging to our regiment was making inquiries, of a virginia Soldier concerning the yankees and the late fight, after many questions he remarked with much self confidence. that he wished he had been there. and that he would like they would come now, Oh! sais [says] the virginian you hav'nt [haven't] seen the elephant yet. if you had you would'nt [wouldn't] be quite so keen on the bit. Arrived at sewell 3 oclock [o'clock] in the afternoon. and prepaired [prepared] dinner after which we partook heartily and finished Just as the sun was sinking beyond the western hills, nothing peculiar about the campment [encampment] except a bold spring of pure water breaking from the very summet [summit] of the mountain. out of a massive rock which rose in perpendicular


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height from 30 to 50 ft above.


Sunday morning. [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

five men detailed from each company making 50. from the regiment to fortify and make ready for an attact [attack] from the enemy. although a slow & steady rain had been falling since morning.


Monday Morning nine oclock [o'clock], [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

five more men detailed for the above mentioned purpose now we hear many floating and contradictory reports of the number condition and intention of the enemy, but the idea is general they are advancing,, evening a council to be held to determine the better course to pursue,, Night nine or ten oclock [o'clock], orders to strike tents and prepare to retreat in quick time. all soon done. 10 minutes to 11 oclock [o'clock], again on our line of march in retreat, which was taken for fear the enemy should take a cross country rout [route] and cut off our supplies. now the clouds begin to loom up thick and heavy veiling everything in gloomy darkness. yet we grope our way around frightful precipicies [precipices] a hundred feet deep, 12 oclock [o'clock], now the rain begins to fall thick and fast the


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road afloat with water. the earth as slick as glass. without even one star to guide our unfaltering footsteps, untill [until] about the dawn of day when the clouds cleared away, and the sun soon made it appearance and shown forth with all its beauty and brilliance, We arrived at meadow bluff 10 minutes to eleven being just 12 hours on the march 15 miles. very hungry for we had eat nothing during the day or previous night. I felt too much fatigued to undertake to prepare a meal and. lay myself to rest and soon fell asleep and the evening was passed in sound sleep, untill [until] five oclock [o'clock] when I was aroused to draw three days ration of provision to be cooked up the same night and be in readiness by 3 oclock [o'clock] the following morning to go on a scout of three days along the Wilderness road. to ascertain if the enemy anticipated coming in upon this road, we had just finished cooking and retired to rest. when at two oclock [o'clock] . the order was countermanded,


Tuesday

nothing of importance to day [today] .


Wednesday [View Civil War timeline for this date]

" " " " " [nothing of importance today]




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Thursday morning. [View Jenkins Chronology]

the regiment called into line with their arms, marched to a great heap of axes, spades, shovels, and picks. each man as he passed ordered to gather his weapon for labor. then marched 2 1/2 miles westward to Meadow River. on the side of the enemy from the camp. as we were passing to work. we were halted near a spring a few members of the line left the ranks to get water and were ordered back without it, we soon moved forward to the river and began to fortify on the eastward bank. the breast work is to be ten feet thick, of earth held by pens of rails and [deleted text: wood] [added text: logs], night about one third of our proportions finished.


Friday morning [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

again ordered to the breastwork. night after hard diging [digging] shoveling. throwing earth and building pens we retired to camps with two thirds of our portion complete.


Saturday [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

we finished our portion of the work and are freed from extra labor duty.


Sunday [View Civil War timeline for this date | View Jenkins Chronology]

several com [companies] of the reg [regiment] worked, not having finished



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