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Letter: Albany, Georgia, to Brevet Major O.H. Howard, Atlanta, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 28

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Type: Letters (correspondence) | Text
Creator: Raushenberg, Christian
Title: Letter: Albany, Georgia, to Brevet Major O.H. Howard, Atlanta, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 28
Date: 1868 Sept. 28
Description: On September 28, 1868, Christian Raushenberg, a Freedmen's Bureau agent in southwest Georgia, writes in response to a request for a synopsis of the Camilla incident from Brevet Major O.H. Howard, a sub-assistant commissioner for the Georgia Bureau. Raushenberg provides Howard with the synopsis along with his analysis of the incident, placing emphasis on the determination of the Camilla residents not to have Republican meetings there as a main factor in the conflict. Determining that the purpose of the freedmen attending the event was peaceful, he states that any arms or walking sticks they may have carried was only as was customary for them. He also places some blame for the incident on W.P. Pierce, the Republican congressional candidate and John Murphy, the Republican elector, for allowing the party to continue into Camilla without giving in to Sheriff Mumford S. Poore's request that arms not be brought into the town. The appearance of freedmen with arms, coupled with the strong anti-Republican sentiment in Camilla, Raushenberg concludes, set the stage for the events that followed, beginning with the shots fired by James Johns into the bandwagon that accompanied the freedmen and Republicans. Raushenberg also places some blame on Sheriff Poore for allowing the inebriated Johns to carry his gun into the crowd. Lastly, Raushenberg states that the subsequent hunting down, killing and wounding of freedmen as many as five miles from town, through Monday after the initial incident, was not necessary to preserve peace and order.

Document ID: cam006.

Digital image and transcription created by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001 of a photocopy held by DeSoto Trail Regional Library of an original record held by the National Archives.

Subjects: Murphy, John, fl. 1868 | Pierce, W. P. | Republican Party (Ga.)--History--19th century | Republican Party (Ga.)--Public opinion | United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands | Freedmen--Georgia--Political activity | Freedmen--Georgia--Violence against | Public opinion--Georgia | Reconstruction--Georgia | Political violence--Georgia--Camilla | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Race relations | Camilla (Ga.) | Mitchell County (Ga.)
Contributors: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System | United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Online Publisher: Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia, 2001
Rights and Usage: This work is the property of the University of Georgia Libraries. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Cite as: [title of item], United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records. National Archives and Records Administration, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia

Related Materials: Mode of access: World Wide Web. | System requirements: AT&T DjVu browser plug-in needed to view images of documents. | Forms part of United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records held by the National Archives.
Persistent Link to Item: http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/zlcu/id:cam006

Related Institutions: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System
Digital Library of Georgia
United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Collection Information: Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868 : Reconstruction, Republicanism, and Race