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Affidavit of Sheriff Mumford S. Poore: Mitchell County, 1868 Sept. 23

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Type: Affidavits | Text
Creator: Byrd, William A.
Cameron, M.
Pearce, Joseph
Title: Affidavit of Sheriff Mumford S. Poore: Mitchell County, 1868 Sept. 23
Date: 1868 Sept. 23
Description: This affidavit, given to and witnessed by William A. Byrd, M. Cameron, and Joseph Pierce, is Mitchell County Sheriff Mumford S. Poore's version of the events of September 19, 1868, the day Camilla Georgia was to be the site of a Republican Party political rally, but instead became the site where townspeople who opposed the rally clashed with freedmen and Republicans in the historical event that came to be known as the Camilla Massacre or the Camilla Riot. Poore's account differs from many of the others on several points. First, he mentions a letter he received from a man named Broadnax, a member of the Colored Democratic Club of Dougherty County, informing him of the party coming to Camilla. Poore details his encounter on the outskirts of Camilla with John Murphy and William P. Pierce which lead him to return to Camilla to form a posse against them. As the group entered Camilla, Poore, also differing here from other accounts, recalls James Johns' firing his gun into the ground as Johns threw it down, rather than Johns intentionally firing the shots that began the violence. Poore states that his posse continued to pursue the freedmen until night.

Document ID: cam012.

Digital image and transcription created by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001 of a photocopy held by DeSoto Trail Regional Library of an original record held by the National Archives.

Subjects: Broadnax, Crawford | Johns, James, fl. 1868 | Murphy, John, fl. 1868 | Pierce, W. P. | Poore, Mumford | Colored Democratic Club (Mitchell County, Ga.) | United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands | African Americans--Georgia--History--19th century | African Americans--Georgia--Social conditions--To 1964 | Freedmen--Georgia--Political activity | Freedmen--Georgia--Violence against | Reconstruction--Georgia | Political violence--Georgia--Camilla | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Race relations | Camilla (Ga.) | Mitchell County (Ga.)
Contributors: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System | United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Online Publisher: Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia, 2001
Rights and Usage: This work is the property of the University of Georgia Libraries. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Cite as: [title of item], United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records. National Archives and Records Administration, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia

Related Materials: Mode of access: World Wide Web. | System requirements: AT&T DjVu browser plug-in needed to view images of documents. | Forms part of United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records held by the National Archives.
Persistent Link to Item: http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/zlcu/id:cam012

Related Institutions: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System
Digital Library of Georgia
United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Collection Information: Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868 : Reconstruction, Republicanism, and Race