Home » Item Display

Letter: Atlanta, Georgia, to Major General Oliver Otis Howard, Washington, D.C, 1868 Oct. 12

Click here to view the item (new window)
Type: Letters (correspondence) | Text
Creator: Sibley, Caleb Chase, 1806-1875
Title: Letter: Atlanta, Georgia, to Major General Oliver Otis Howard, Washington, D.C, 1868 Oct. 12
Date: 1868 Oct. 12
Description: In his letter from Atlanta to Freedmen's Bureau Commissioner Major General Oliver Otis Howard in Washington, D.C., dated October 12, 1868, Georgia Assistant Commissioner Caleb C. Sibley encloses additional evidence in the recent episodes of violence between whites and freedmen that began at a Republican political rally in Camilla, Georgia on September 19, 1868. This additional evidence includes testimony from freedman Lochran Hunter regarding three deaths in the community related to the incident and corroborates the earlier report filed by Sub-Assistant Commissioner, Brevet Major O.H. Howard. To give Commissioner O.O. Howard an idea of the political climate in the area, Sibley also encloses testimony from an ex-Army officer, Mr. Sherwood, regarding an incident at the polling place on Election Day the previous April. The testimony outlines the obstacles the whites, including legislative candidate W.A. Bird, presented to freedmen who came to vote that day, and the powerlessness of officers and a limited number of soldiers from the Freedmen's Bureau to prevent the harassment, which included gunfire and threats on the lives of the freedmen. Four days after this letter was written, on October 16, 1868, Commissioner O.O. Howard replaced Sibley with John Randolph Lewis as head of the Georgia agency. Sibley became military commander of the district of Georgia.

Document ID: cam020.

Digital image and transcription created by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001 of a photocopy held by DeSoto Trail Regional Library of an original record held by the National Archives.

Subjects: Republican Party (Ga.)--History--19th century | Republican Party (Ga.)--Public opinion | United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands | Elections--Georgia--Mitchell County--Corrupt practices | Freedmen--Georgia--Political activity | Freedmen--Georgia--Violence against | Military assistance | Public opinion--Georgia | Reconstruction--Georgia | Political violence--Georgia--Camilla | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Race relations | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Politics and government | Camilla (Ga.) | Mitchell County (Ga.)
Contributors: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System | United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Online Publisher: Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia, 2001
Rights and Usage: This work is the property of the University of Georgia Libraries. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Cite as: [title of item], United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records. National Archives and Records Administration, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia

Related Materials: Mode of access: World Wide Web. | System requirements: AT&T DjVu browser plug-in needed to view images of documents. | Forms part of United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records held by the National Archives.
Persistent Link to Item: http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/zlcu/id:cam020

Related Institutions: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System
Digital Library of Georgia
United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Collection Information: Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868 : Reconstruction, Republicanism, and Race