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Affidavit of Peter Hines: Albany, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 23

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Type: Affidavits | Text
Creator: Howard, O. H.
Title: Affidavit of Peter Hines: Albany, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 23
Date: 1868 Sept. 23
Description: This affidavit, taken September 23, 1868 at the Freedmen's Bureau office in Albany, Georgia, is the narrative of Peter Hines, the leader of a band hired to play for a Republican political rally scheduled to be held in Camilla, Georgia on September 19, 1868. Hines gives Freedman' Bureau subassistant commissioner O.H. Howard his account of the riot that occured in Camilla that day, and the events surrounding it. Hines's group left from Albany September 18, and stayed the night at the plantation of William W. Fish and Edwin Flagg. The next morning they set out for Camilla, gathering freedmen, women and children from the nearby plantations as they went along. Hines states that despite rumors circulating amongst the freedmen of the potential violence waiting for them in Camilla, William Pierce advised them that these rumors were false and urged them on. Eventually they proceeded into Camilla where they met townsman James Johns, who issued an order for the music to stop, and when it went unheeded, began firing into the bandwagon. Hines notes that additional shots were then fired, and the freedmen, ill-equipped to return fire with few guns and many of those not loaded, fled the scene. Hines escaped to a nearby swamp, though he saw and heard the whites continuing to pursue others.

Document ID: cam023.

Digital image and transcription created by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001 of a photocopy held by DeSoto Trail Regional Library of an original record held by the National Archives.

Subjects: United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands | African Americans--Georgia--History--19th century | African Americans--Georgia--Social conditions--To 1964 | Freedmen--Georgia--Political activity | Freedmen--Georgia--Violence against | Reconstruction--Georgia | Political violence--Georgia--Camilla | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Race relations | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Politics and government | Hines, Peter | Camilla (Ga.) | Mitchell County (Ga.)
Contributors: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System | United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Online Publisher: Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia, 2001
Rights and Usage: This work is the property of the University of Georgia Libraries. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Cite as: [title of item], United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records. National Archives and Records Administration, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia

Related Materials: Mode of access: World Wide Web. | System requirements: AT&T DjVu browser plug-in needed to view images of documents. | Forms part of United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records held by the National Archives.
Persistent Link to Item: http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/zlcu/id:cam023

Related Institutions: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System
Digital Library of Georgia
United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Collection Information: Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868 : Reconstruction, Republicanism, and Race