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Affidavit of Washington Jones: Albany, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 23

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Type: Affidavits | Text
Creator: Howard, O. H.
Title: Affidavit of Washington Jones: Albany, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 23
Date: 1868 Sept. 23
Description: In this affidavit taken on September 23, 1868 in Albany, Georgia by Freedmen's Bureau subassistant commissioner O.H. Howard, freedman Washington Jones, a thirty-eight-year-old worker on Stokes Walters's plantation in Mitchell County, gives his account of the Camilla Riot. The riot took place when Republicans together with freedmen came to Camilla to hold a political rally on September 19, 1868 and were met there with violent opposition from townspeople. Jones states that as many as three weeks previous he had overheard white men Robert Warren and Sam Dickerson talking about their intentions to perpetrate violence if Republican John Murphy came to Camilla to speak. Jones also states that he had not heard any of the freedmen planning violence beforehand. Despite what he heard, Jones went to Camilla with only a walking stick, where he saw James Johns fire the first shots, followed shortly by shooting from white men in the stores on either side of the gathering. Less than two minutes later, Jones fled the scene with the other freedmen as the whites pursued. Though he saw another freedman shot, Jones made it home safely by sundown.

Document ID: cam026.

Digital image and transcription created by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001 of a photocopy held by DeSoto Trail Regional Library of an original record held by the National Archives.

Subjects: United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands | African Americans--Georgia--History--19th century | African Americans--Georgia--Social conditions--To 1964 | Freedmen--Georgia--Political activity | Freedmen--Georgia--Violence against | Freedmen--Georgia--Personal narratives | Reconstruction--Georgia | Political violence--Georgia--Camilla | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Race relations | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Politics and government | Jones, Washington, fl. 1868 | Camilla (Ga.) | Mitchell County (Ga.)
Contributors: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System | United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Online Publisher: Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia, 2001
Rights and Usage: This work is the property of the University of Georgia Libraries. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Cite as: [title of item], United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records. National Archives and Records Administration, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia

Related Materials: Mode of access: World Wide Web. | System requirements: AT&T DjVu browser plug-in needed to view images of documents. | Forms part of United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records held by the National Archives.
Persistent Link to Item: http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/zlcu/id:cam026

Related Institutions: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System
Digital Library of Georgia
United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Collection Information: Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868 : Reconstruction, Republicanism, and Race