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Affidavit of Davis Sneed: Albany, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 25

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Type: Affidavits | Text
Creator: Howard, O. H.
Title: Affidavit of Davis Sneed: Albany, Georgia, 1868 Sept. 25
Date: 1868 Sept. 25
Description: Davis Sneed, a thirty-five-year-old laborer, gives his testimony of the events of the Camilla Riot, an episode of violence that occurred on September 19, 1868, when Republicans together with freedmen came to Camilla, Georgia to hold a political rally and were met by the armed townspeople of Camilla in opposition to the Republicans meeting there. In his affidavit given to Freedman's Bureau subassistant commissioner O.H. Howard in Albany, Georgia on September 25, 1868, Sneed states that he was told to "go in peace and come in peace," by the men who informed him of the meeting, and that of approximately 300 men, women and children who joined in the procession to Camilla that day only 40 carried guns and those were loaded with birdshot. Sneed tells of how Dr. Dasher declined to let them hold the meeting at his place and the group proceeded into Camilla, where they were met by the inebriated Camilla resident James Johns, who fired the first shots into the bandwagon. According to Sneed, those shots were immediately followed by shots fired from white men standing in front of the stores and he "distinctly saw these men, after firing, step to the door of a store and seizing guns ready loaded fire again." Sneed fled to the nearby woods with the other freedmen , who, even in retreat were pursued and fired on by the whites. In closing, Sneed restates that the Republicans' and freedmen's intentions in coming to Camilla were peaceful, even though it had been known amongst the freedmen for a number of weeks prior to the incident that they would be meet with "armed resistance" by the townspeople of Camilla if they attempted to go through with holding their rally there.

Document ID: cam037.

Digital image and transcription created by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001 of a photocopy held by DeSoto Trail Regional Library of an original record held by the National Archives.

Subjects: Johns, James, fl. 1868 | United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands | African Americans--Georgia--History--19th century | African Americans--Georgia--Social conditions--To 1964 | Freedmen--Georgia--Political activity | Freedmen--Georgia--Violence against | Freedmen--Georgia--Personal narratives | Reconstruction--Georgia | Political violence--Georgia--Camilla | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Race relations | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Politics and government | Sneed, Davis | Camilla (Ga.) | Mitchell County (Ga.)
Contributors: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System | United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Online Publisher: Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia, 2001
Rights and Usage: This work is the property of the University of Georgia Libraries. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Cite as: [title of item], United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records. National Archives and Records Administration, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia

Related Materials: Mode of access: World Wide Web. | System requirements: AT&T DjVu browser plug-in needed to view images of documents. | Forms part of United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records held by the National Archives.
Persistent Link to Item: http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/zlcu/id:cam037

Related Institutions: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System
Digital Library of Georgia
United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Collection Information: Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868 : Reconstruction, Republicanism, and Race