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Letter: [Headquarters, Department of the South, Atlanta, Georgia] to Governor [Rufus B. Bullock], Atlanta, Georgia, [1868 Oct. 2]

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Type: Letters (correspondence) | Text
Creator: Meade, George Gordon, 1815-1872
Title: Letter: [Headquarters, Department of the South, Atlanta, Georgia] to Governor [Rufus B. Bullock], Atlanta, Georgia, [1868 Oct. 2]
Date: 1868 Oct. 2
Description: George Gordon Meade, commander of the Department of the South's Third Military District in Georgia writes to Georgia Governor Rufus B. Bullock. This letter is written sometime after Meade received, on October 2, 1868, an investigative report by Captain William Mills on the Septmeber 19 outbreak of violence between freedmen together with Republicans who attempted to hold a political rally in Camilla, Georgia, and the white townspeople who opposed them; yet Meade must have written this before writing a seperate letter to Commanding General U. S. [Grant], dated October 3, 1868, in which he enclosed both this letter to Bullock and Captain Mills' report. In this letter to Bullock, Meade encloses Mills report, the affidavits Mills collected, and remarks on the conclusions he has drawn from these materials as to the biggest contributing factors to the incident in Camilla. The first major factor Meade cites is the negligence of Republican candidate William Pierce and Republican elector John Murphy in not advising the freedmen to comply with the Sheriff Mumford Poore's request of them to leave their arms outside of town, while the second major factor Meade cites is the Sheriff himself, as facilitator of the ensuing violence. In closing, Meade justifies the absence of troops at Camilla and explains to Bullock his difficult position in deployment of troops in these matters, as according to departmental instructions he must only intervene at the behest of local civil authorities. He assures Bullock that if such authorities are prevented from acting, that he is prepared to send troops.

Document ID: cam045.

Digital image and transcription created by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001 of a photocopy held by DeSoto Trail Regional Library of an original record held by the National Archives.

Subjects: Murphy, John, fl. 1868 | Pierce, W. P. | Putney, F. F. | Poore, Mumford | Republican Party (Ga.)--History--19th century | United States. Army | African Americans--Georgia--History--19th century | African Americans--Georgia--Social conditions--To 1964 | Freedmen--Georgia--Political activity | Freedmen--Georgia--Violence against | Military assistance | Reconstruction--Georgia | Political violence--Georgia--Camilla | Georgia--History--1865- | Georgia--Politics and government--1865-1950 | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Politics and government | Mitchell County (Ga.)--Race relations | Bullock, Rufus B. (Rufus Brown), 1834-1907 | Camilla (Ga.) | Mitchell County (Ga.)
Contributors: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System | United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Online Publisher: Athens, Ga. : Digital Library of Georgia, 2001
Rights and Usage: This work is the property of the University of Georgia Libraries. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Cite as: [title of item], United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records. National Archives and Records Administration, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia

Related Materials: Mode of access: World Wide Web. | System requirements: AT&T DjVu browser plug-in needed to view images of documents. | Forms part of United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records held by the National Archives.
Persistent Link to Item: http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/zlcu/id:cam045

Related Institutions: DeSoto Trail Regional Library System
Digital Library of Georgia
United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Collection Information: Civil Unrest in Camilla, Georgia, 1868 : Reconstruction, Republicanism, and Race