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Dan Sweat oral history interview 1996 November 22

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Creator: Sweat, Dan E., Jr., 1933-1997
Barbash, Shepard
Kuhn, Cliff
Title: Dan Sweat oral history interview 1996 November 22
Date: 1996 Nov. 22
Description: Local identification number: Sweat, D_19961122_(P-4)

Sweat was born in 1933 in Waycross, Georgia. He graduated from Georgia State College (later Georgia State University) in 1957 with a degree in public administration. He married his wife Tally in 1956, and they had three children and several grandchildren. Sweat covered the Fulton County courthouse for the Atlanta Journal while still in college. In 1957 he entered the Navy, where his commander allowed him to attend Seventh Fleet scheduling conferences. Sweat later returned to Atlanta, and the Journal, but later took at job as information director at DeKalb County. County Commission chairman Charles O. Emmerich took Sweat under his wing, but lost his reelection bid in 1964. Emmerich then took a job with Economic Opportunity Atlanta, a new federal anti-poverty program, and took Sweat with him. Sweat earned a reputation as a master at getting federal grants. Atlanta Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. eventually offered Sweat a position at City Hall. Sweat took a job in 1966 as director of government liaison, charged with bringing as much federal money to Atlanta as possible. Eventually Allen promoted Sweat to chief administrative officer in August of 1969. Sweat kept the same job under Mayor Sam Massell, who succeeded Allen. He coordinated Atlanta's War on Poverty and Model Cities programs during his tenure at City Hall. Sweat also played a role in the naming of the first two black department heads in city government. Sweat left City Hall in late 1971, and early the next year took a job as executive director of the Atlanta Regional Commission. He was involved in establishing the Chattahoochee River Corridor, and helped the commission survive its initial court challenges. In 1973, Sweat became president of Central Atlanta Progress. In that role he represented downtown business interests, and gained the reputation as a major power broker in Atlanta. Sweat bridged the gap between new black political power at City Hall and the white downtown business establishment. He was involved in numerous high profile downtown projects, including the redevelopment of both Underground Atlanta and the Bedford Pines neighborhood. Sweat left CAP in 1988 and took a job with the CF Foundation, a philanthropic organization affiliated with developer Thomas G. Cousins. In 1991, former President Jimmy Carter appointed Sweat coordinator of the Atlanta Project. Sweat helped raise $14 million in his first year on the job. He left in 1995. These interviews were conducted during an illness that resulted in Sweat's death in 1997. His condition during the interviews had an impact on the content, length, and structure of the interviews.

Among topics discussed: Election involving Charlie Emmerich (Sweat discusses dynamics of the election); OCS; Dekalb County; John Leak, Sweat's assistant at Central Atlanta Progress; C and S Bank; Bedford Pine and Rio; Park Central Communities; Dynamics of Dekalb County Politics; differences in South and North Dekalb County; Martin and Larry Gellerstedt; dynamics of County Politics; Al Wehunt; insight into the constituency of Dekalb county; Mayor Allen; Brince Manning; State Senator Everett Millican; summer programs for kids (busing kids to swimming, to Piedmont Park); Playlot program for kids; summer of '66; John Lindsey(Mayor of New York City); Sweat wanted to model the playlots after Lindsey's program totlots; Jim Robinson (First National Bank); Mills Lane( C and S); Dick Rich; EOA and it's beginnings; Woodruff Foundation; Leon Eplan (city planner); David Beecher; CAP grant from Federal Government (city action planning); War on Poverty in 1964; Boisfeuillet Jones; Economic Opportunity Act; Atlanta Fulton Economic Opportunity Authority; The Atlanta Project; Charles Palmer; Techwood Homes; Job Corps; Head Start concepts and VISTA programs; War on Poverty Committee chaired by Sam Giddons; Bill Terry; Dave Beecher; LBJ; Civil Rights Act; HEW; James Mackay and Charles Weltner; Carl Sanders; process of building up EOA.

Subjects: Poverty | Race relations | School-age child care--Activity programs--Georgia--Atlanta | City planning--Citizen participation | Lane, Mills B. (Mills Bee), 1912-1989 | Weltner, Charles Longstreet | Sweat, Dan E., Jr., 1933-1997
Contributors: Georgia State University. Libraries. Special Collections
Online Publisher: Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library
Rights and Usage: The contents of this item, including all images and text, are for personal, educational, and non-commercial use only. This item is the property of Georgia State University Library, and any user is asked to acknowledge Georgia State University Library.
Related Materials: Southern Labor Archives Collection | Sweat, Dan, Interviewed by Clifford Kuhn & Shep Barbash, 22 November 1996, P-4, Series P. Dan Sweat (P), Georgia Government Documentation Project, Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library, Atlanta.
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Related Institutions: Georgia State University. Libraries. Special Collections
Collection Information: Georgia Government Documentation Project