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Herman and Anna Lodge oral history interview 2002 September 6

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Creator: Lodge, Herman; Lodge, Anna R.
Kuhn, Cliff
Title: Herman and Anna Lodge oral history interview 2002 September 6
Date: 2002 Sept. 6
Description: Local identification number: Lodge, HA_20020906_(P2002-12)

Herman Lodge (1929-2005) has served on the Burke County Commission since 1982, and was involved in several landmark voting rights cases during the 1970s and 1980s, including Lodge v. Buxton and Lodge v. Rogers. Anna Lodge was active in the Burke County Improvement Association.

Among topics discussed: Birth and growing up in Waynesboro, Burke County, Georgia; attended school at Fort Valley State University, majored in physical therapy; drafted into the army; Fort Knox, Kentucky; stationed overseas in France and Germany; teaching school in Greensboro, Georgia; work at V.A. Hospital; working and making money in Waynesboro; episode at Piggly Wiggly; creation of Burke County Improvement Association; mistreatment and arrest of black boy at Piggly Wiggly by white cashier and police; help of Georgia Legal Services; Miss Black Burke County beauty pageant, winners received scholarships; coalition of organizations in Burke County; successful organizing; NAACP; obstacles to black voter registration; courthouse registration; Mrs. Lodge's memory of registering to vote; misspelling Lodge's occupation on voter registration; role of fear and intimidation in 1950s and 1960s; night patrols; Holmes girl incident; freedom of choice law in choosing schools; black family terrorized for choosing to attend Waynesboro High School; Bill Holmes; Gilbert Howard; high-school age boy arrested for disrespecting white cashier at Piggly Wiggly; formation of Burke County Improvement Association after the Piggly Wiggly incident; Rev. John Ellis, Presbyterian, first president; initial members: George Ezra Robinson, Herman Lodge, Anna Lodge, Nana Fickland; description of the one black working at courthouse; blacks on juries; Burke County Improvement Association initiated voter registration; meeting at Harveys Supermarket; initiation of Head Start by Burke County Improvement Association at Blakely School, then Boggs Academy; OEO; Community Action; Davis Park; Central Savannah River Authority (CSRA); help of Georgia Legal Services; early days with Bob Cullen; location of Legal Services' Waynesboro office; bus of blacks go to Supreme Court in voting rights case; David Worley; changes in Burke County, importance to Lodge; change in attitude of people in Burke County; Mrs. Lodge's memories of voting for the first time; votes cast in locked box; insecurity when voting for first time; injustice to black race; Mrs. Lodge reading Supreme Court's description of Burke County; Rogers v. Lodge; Judge Anthony Alaimo; Augusta; Rev. J.J. Smith; Valdosta; Lodges' acquisition of "blacks only" water fountain, now in church; story of "Aunt Creasy" recorded at courthouse; respect shown to and by people; different things taught in school now; new schools being built and recreation facilities upgraded; John Cromartie; Ronald Reagan administration; Perry, Georgia.

Subjects: Race relations | Voter registration--Corrupt practices--Georgia | Educational change--Georgia | Legal aid--Georgia | Fort Valley State University | National Association for the Advancement of Colored People | Reagan, Ronald | Lodge, Herman | Lodge, Anna R.
Contributors: Georgia State University. Libraries. Special Collections
Online Publisher: Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library
Rights and Usage: The contents of this item, including all images and text, are for personal, educational, and non-commercial use only. This item is the property of Georgia State University Library, and any user is asked to acknowledge Georgia State University Library.
Related Materials: Southern Labor Archives Collection | Lodge, Herman and Anna, Interviewed by Clifford M. Kuhn, 6 September 2002, P2002- 12, Series Q. Georgia Legal Services, Georgia Government Documentation Project, Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library, Atlanta.
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Related Institutions: Georgia State University. Libraries. Special Collections
Collection Information: Georgia Government Documentation Project